The Karmapa story: Right intentions, bad accounting
Rediff.com, February 1, 2011
The young, extremely bright Karmapa should teach his staff proper accounting ways, advises Claude Arpi
Dhramsala, India -- It made headlines for 'news breaking' channels when the Himachal Pradesh police seized foreign and Indian currency worth Rs 4-5 crore, stuffed in four large metal boxes, from a room of the Gyuto Monastery, the seat of Ugyen Trinley Dorje, the seventeenth Karmapa.
<< Tibetan exiles weep during a candlelight vigil in support of the Karmapa Lama in New Delhi Photographs: Parivartan Sharma/Reuters
The monastery is located near Dharamsala, the seat of the Dalai Lama and his Tibetan government-in-exile. Shakti Lama, a person working in the monastery, was arrested following the police raids which came a day after Rs 1 crore in cash was found in a vehicle intercepted in Una district bordering Himachal Pradesh (a Dharamsala-based businessman, KP Bhardwaj, has been arrested in connection with the cash and an alleged land deal with the Karmapa's Trust).
Soon after the raids, HP Director General of Police DS Manhas declared, "The police have nothing to say about the institution. We are only concerned about the illegal cash recovered after the searches."
Because the currency notes seized from the monastery were from nearly 20 countries, including China, the media started speculating, "Is the Dalai Lama's successor a Chinese agent in India?"
According to some reports, the 26-year-old spiritual head of the Karma Kagyu sect, had spent large amounts of money last year on the people affected by the cloudburst in Leh and landslides in Himachal Pradesh. The media immediately extrapolated that the Karmapa was a Chinese agent trying to spread China's influence in the Himalayan belt.
One report said that 'Delhi' (who is Delhi?) sees this "as part of a plan to spread Chinese influence in the Indian Himalayan region much the same way as Beijing has done in districts along the India-Nepal border where the Chinese have opened 17 China study centres."
In the meantime, the Karmapa's office issued a statement refuting allegations about the China link, terming them 'grossly speculative'.
"We would like to categorically state that the allegations being leveled against the Karmapa and his administration are grossly speculative and without foundation in the truth. We categorically deny having any link whatsoever with any arm of the Chinese government," said the statement.
The office of the Karmapa explained that the cash was "offerings received for charitable purposes from local and international disciples the world over. Monasteries across the world receive offering from devotees in various forms. There is nothing surprising, new or irregular in this."
The cash found in the monastery probably partially comes from donations/offerings received during the celebrations to mark the 900th year of the birth of Dusum Khyenpa, the first Karmapa: "Nine hundred years ago, amidst the snow-capped peaks of eastern Tibet, there was born a spiritual master whose compassion for beings would shape the future of Buddhism in Tibet. This great being was the First Karmapa, Dusum Khyenpa, who instituted the practice of intentionally reincarnating in a way that disciples could recognise him."
Ugyen Trinley, the successor of Dusum Khyenpa, presided over the two-day celebration held in Bodh Gaya, attended by thousands of followers from India, Tibet, China and the West.
The statement added, "Any suggestion that these offerings were to be used for illegal purposes is libellous. All our dealings across the world are honest and completely transparent, anything else would be contrary to the Buddhist principles that we live by."
However, were proper accounting procedures followed? Were the monks aware of the intricacies of the Foreign Exchange Management Act? Probably not.
One explanation for this huge amount of cash is that since January 2000, the Karmapa has been temporarily accommodated on the top floor of the Gyuto Tantric Monastic University near Dharamsala.
The Tibetan government-in-exile admits that the Gyuto monastery was in the process of acquiring a piece of land at Sidhabari to build a new monastery. A Tibetan official told the press: "For this, the Himachal Pradesh government was also approached to get clearances."
The problem is that it is practically impossible for non-state subjects of Himachal Pradesh to purchase land in the hilly state. Was the Karmapa's office planning to use these 'offerings' to get this piece of land? It is possible.
Penpa Tsering, speaker of the Tibetan parliament-in-exile, told the press, "I think all this happened mainly because people don't know the law. It is not like we are doing this because we want to break the law. Many people send large amounts of money to the Lama as a token of respect. If anybody is trying to talk of any conspiracy, it is totally unwarranted".
The speaker of the Tibetan Parliament also said: "there is no basis of media speculations linking the Karmapa Lama with the Chinese government".
The lack of knowledge in accounting is in itself a serious offence, but it does not imply that the young Lama is a Chinese agent.
Everyone remembers how the 15-year old Karmapa, in a Bollywood-type escape, reached Dharamsala in January 2000 after crossing the highest Himalayan passes in the midst of winter. The Indian government was initially reluctant to grant him refugee status.
At that time, some believed that he had been 'planted' by the Chinese government to create confusion over the Sikkim issue (Beijing 'recognised' the state as a part of India only a few years later).
Things became more complicated when a dispute erupted with another 'Karmapa' claiming the throne of Rumtek monastery in Sikkim. The previous Karmapa, 16th of the lineage, was one of the most revered Lamas of his generation. A powerful yogi, he impressed all those who approached him with his profound wisdom and an aura of strength and peace.
When he passed away in 1981, he left his monastery of Rumtek in Sikkim as well as hundreds of Dharma centres in India and abroad in the hands of four regents who were to provide spiritual guidance to the Karmapa's followers, until his 'return'.
When Situ Rinpoche, one of the regents, discovered a letter of prediction said to have been written by the old Karmapa prophesying his rebirth in eastern Tibet and giving the time of birth and the name of his parents, a dispute erupted between Situ and another regent, Shamar Rinpoche, who did not approve of Ugyen Trinley Dorje's selection.
The bitterness between the Rumtek regents took an ugly turn in 1992-93, when serious law and order problems occurred on a few occasions and a petition was filed in the Sikkim high court praying for an injunction to stop the recognition of the 17th Karmapa. More infighting was reported in 1994 when Shamar enthroned his own Karmapa, Thaye Dorjee.
In the meantime, after conducting the necessary tests, the Dalai Lama gave his seal of approval to Ugyen Trinley Dorje. About the same time in Beijing, the Chinese leadership -- who by then had the boy in their hands -- also decided to recognise him as the 17th Karmapa. It was the first time in the history of a Communist regime that a 'reincarnation' (called 'living Buddhas' by Beijing) was officially recognised.
From the day the Karmapa arrived incognito in Dharamsala in 2000, many Indian officials have been convinced that he had been 'planted' by the Chinese intelligence to create some mischief in India, particularly in Sikkim.
In July 2010, the Karmapa, who was scheduled to attend functions organised by the Karma Triyana Dharamchakra centre in New York, was refused permission by Indian authorities to leave the country. Earlier in 2010, the young Lama had already been denied an exit visa to impart religious teachings in nine European countries.
At that time, there was a lot of speculation that the Shamar camp had exercised pressure on Delhi to cancel the visits. Dharma centres are big business in the West and Shamar is not ready to abandon the lucrative opportunity for his protege. Many speculate that he did tip off the police about the cash kept in Dharamsala.
The Karmapa's foreign followers, in their enthusiasm, did not exactly help in alleviating the suspicions of Indian agencies. A petition originating from some Dharma centres in the US, circulated in April 2010, was addressed to Congress president Sonia Gandhi.
"We believe the Indian government's actions in this situation are inequitable and unjustified. The broader issue, which we address, is one of the Karmapa's basic human rights," stated the petition. It spoke of a blatant abuse of his freedom for religious expression and requested the government of India to address the unlawful confinement of the Karmapa.
Fortunately, the office of the Karmapa later rectified the wrong impression given by these Western disciples.
Another complicating factor is the media (Indian and foreign), which often tries to project the young Lama as the Dalai Lama's political successor. The media forgets that the present Dalai Lama has ceaselessly worked from the early 1960s to introduce democracy in the exiled community. To have a 'political successor' would negate all these years of hard work. Would a 'political successor' prevail over an elected prime minister whose election is due in March? Tibetan democracy would then become a laughing stock.
During a visit to Rumtek (Sikkim) last year, I asked the caretaker of the monastery, "Why does the Karmapa have to go through all these unpleasant problems?"
He philosophically answered: "Don't worry, he will go through them, but it is a very old, very ancient karma that he has to unknot; these things take time. It can't be solved in one day."
In the meantime, the young, extremely bright Karmapa, who is deeply devoted to environmental issues in the Himalayan region, should teach his staff proper accounting ways. Spiritual pursuit cannot absolve anybody of more worldly laws.
The police on Sunday questioned the Karmapa and also arrested two more persons in connection with the seizure of foreign currency worth over Rs 7.5 crore from the offices of a trust backed by him.
The Karmapa denied any Chinese links and said the charges against him were 'grossly speculative and without foundation'.
A team of state police officers put nearly 50 questions to Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje at Gyuto Monastery at Sidhbari but he feigned complete ignorance about the foreign currency and other documents recovered from there.
The police said they had given him the set of questions pertaining to the recovery of money and functioning of the monastery. But he completely dissociated himself with the developments and maintained that the affairs of the trust were managed by Shakti Lama and Gompu Tshering and his role was only confined to 'preachings' as a religious head.
The team, led by Additional Superintendent of Police, Una, K G Kapoor, gave the questionnaire that was in English and he replied through an interpreter, Inspector General of Police P L Thakur told PTI. Thakur said investigations were going on and the Karmapa might be questioned again after more information and inputs were available.
Karmapa denied all allegations and said the money was donated by devotees, who come from all over the world and belonged to the trust.
Dharamsala-based businessman K P Bhardwaj and Manager of Ambala branch of the Corporation Bank D K Dhar were arrested on Saturday night following raids conducted at the residence and hotel of Bharadwaj and clues provided by him during questioning with regard to the money trail, the IGP said.
With this, the number of people taken into custody has risen to five.
Backing the Karmapa, the Dalai Lama told reporters in Bengaluru, "He (Karmapa) is an important Lama" and demanded a thorough probe into the seizure of foreign currency.
Apparently explaining the huge Chinese currency haul, the Dalai Lama said, "The Karmapa has many devotees including from China.. Some money would have naturally being received by him. There has been some negligence. (It is) better now to have a thorough investigation."
A statement by the Karmapa's office said, "We categorically deny having any link whatsoever with any arm of the Chinese government and like to state that the allegations being levelled against the Karmapa and his administration are grossly speculative and without foundation in the truth as everyone who knows the history of our lineage and struggle is surprised by the allegations."
The replies of Karmapa were identical to the contents of the statement issued by Karma Chungyalpa, deputy general secretary and spokesperson of the Karmapa Office. Karma said, "Repressive measures including pressure put by China on Tibetan spiritual and temporal head, the Dalai Lama, were the reasons for the Karmapa's escape from Tibet."
He further said, "Monasteries across the world accept offerings from devotees in various forms and there is nothing surprising, new or irregular in this. A representative of Dalai Lama's office underlined this yesterday and the cash in question under the current investigation by the police is offerings received for charitable purposes from local and international disciples from many different countries wishing to support Karmapa's various charitable activities and any suggestion that these offerings were to be used for illegal purposes is libellous."
Referring to the recovery of Chinese currency, the statement said, "About the Chinese currency, we can say that his Holiness has a large following of Tibetans who make donations in Chinese currency. The fact is that the Karmapa has millions of followers around the world, who hold him in the highest esteem and reverence. All our dealings across the world are honest and completely transparent and anything else would be contrary to the Buddhist principals that we live by."
On the two arrests, the IGP said Bhardwaj had claimed that the Rs one crore recovered from the vehicle was paid by the Karmapa's trust for buying buy land near Dharamsala.
He said Bharadwaj had told the police that the bank manager had issued an 'authorisation letter' that the money was meant for some land deal.
The police arrested two persons -- Ashutosh and Sanjay Dutt-- on January 26 after the alleged recovery of Rs 1 crore. They later nabbed Shakti Lama, a key functionary of the Karmapa backed trust, who was remanded in police custody for nine days.
The residence and office of monastery functionary Gompu Tshering were raided on Saturday and foreign currency in US dollars worth Rs 4 lakh was recovered. The sleuths of Intelligence Bureau, Enforcement Directorate and Income Tax Department have also joined the probe.
"The police have so far not reached any conclusion about the source of the money and all documents including the computer of Karmapa are being thoroughly scanned," Thakur said, adding that the police had never said anything about 'Chinese links' of the Karmapa.
Karma said, "His (Karmapa's) very escape and arrival in India exposed the Chinese misrule in Tibet and confirmed what the world believes -- that the Tibetans and Tibet were under suppression and were not happy.
"When he came to India, his immediate act was to rush to the Dalai Lama to seek his blessings and to offer his allegiance and loyalty to him and also give unquestioned support to his struggle for the Tibetan people," he said.
"He assured me he has never done anything in any way to undermine the interest of India, to harm the interest of India. India is his second home. He is happy here and he looks forward to India becoming a powerful and prosperous nation. And he has no intention in any way of undermining the interest of India," the spokesman said.